In 1.898 Eusebio Güell commissioned the architect Antonio Gaudí the project of a church for the textile estate of Santa Coloma de Cervelló. Over the next few years, Gaudí carried out various preliminary studies which culminated in a model which was placed in a pavilion located in the hill were the building would later be erected.
The construction of the temple began in 1.908. However, the ambitious project which foresaw a church with two naves, lower and upper, topped by different towers and a 40 meters high central dome would remain unfinished. In 1.914 the Güell family decided to stop financing the church and Gaudí abandoned the project. In November 1.915 the bishop of Barcelona consecrated the lower nave, the only one to have been built, which made the church be popularly known as the crypt. Between 1.915 and 1.917 a new architect closed of the nave
Even though the church remained unfinished, the church is a culminating point Gaudi's works. This construction includes for the first time practically all of his architectural innovations.
The Crypt was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2005.